Labiaplasty, essentially, refers to surgery on the exterior parts of female genitalia. More often than not, women are unhappy with the size of their labia minora and labia majora, leading them to seek professional help in labia reductive surgery. Basically, most women dream of having neater, more stream-lined genitalia. While this may have a lot to do with general aesthetics, there are many women who deal with serious discomfort in this region.

Elongated or enlarged labia often lead to a range of self-confidence issues. Especially during moments of intimacy, women tend to be self-confidence about the appearance of their labia. This tends to detract from the basic enjoyment of the sexual experience, for both partners. In other cases, women struggle with personal hygiene, causing pain and irritation in their genital region. Enlarged labia can also cause serious discomfort during normal daily activities such as long-distance walking or cycling.

While labia surgery generally refers to the reduction of the labia majora or minora, it can also refer to other procedures. Augmentation, pigment modification, and the removal of folds or bulges are often requested by patients. Any physical “deformities” in and around the labia can be corrected with cosmetic surgery.

This surgery is defined as “intimate” and is performed on an incredibly sensitive area of the body; therefore, anesthetics and anti-anxiety drugs are required. Depending on the extent of the tissue removal, the surgeon will choose between laser tools or more traditional surgical implements. Pain and discomfort are to be expected post surgery, and painkillers will often be prescribed as a part of the post-operative care plan. Proper wound care will need to be completed, as the full recovery time can take a few months.

Scarring can occur, though these are often barely visible. In order to reduce the chance of more apparent scarring, proper wound care will need to be implemented. This highly sensitive area of the body is also susceptible to infection if not cleaned properly. Patients will be provided with a proper and thorough post-operative care plan that must be adhered to in order for the surgery to be completely successful.


Many women have large labia. The condition is by no means rare. However, in some cases, the effects are more pronounced than in others and it may become necessary to seek medical treatment. At least 1 in 3 women have enlarged labia, or one labia that is larger than the other. This may be aesthetically unappealing to particularly self-conscious women, and may also cause discomfort.

Essentially, the labia are the vaginal “lips” that protect the clitoris and opening of the vagina. There are two sets of these lips. The labia majora are the outer lips while the labia majora are the inner lips; the latter part causing the most frequent complaints among women. Many women are unhappy with the way their genitalia looks when the labia minora are larger than the labia minora.

While there is no accurate way of determining what “normal” labia should look like, it is generally considered to be more aesthetically appealing when the labia minora are smaller and tucked neatly between the labia majora. Some women would prefer to have their labia minora hidden entirely, completely invisible from the exterior. In the end, the size of a woman’s labia is all down to genetic diversity and the aesthetic appeal is generally determined by personal preference more than anything else.

In some cases, however, enlarged labia can cause discomfort. Longer labia tend to rub against clothing, causing unwanted friction. Because the skin in this part of the genitalia is so sensitive, friction can lead to rawness or tearing. Eventually, this can lead to inflammation and infection. Continued infection often leads to unwanted scar tissue or other complications. Women who are particularly active in the sporting world deal with a huge amount of discomfort, and as such a labial reduction may become necessary.

Painful sexual intercourse is another major reason for this type of cosmetic surgery. Essentially, the friction that occurs during the act of lovemaking can be incredibly painful if the labia minora are too long. Excessive pinching and pulling can lead to tearing; making what should be an enjoyable experience a little too uncomfortable to bear.

Embarrassment and low self-esteem about the size and appearance of the labia can often cause intense emotional and psychological distress. Something as simple as a trip to the beach can become a nightmarish experience. Intimacy becomes a serious issue for women who are uncomfortable with the appearance of their genitalia. Cosmetic surgery is often the best solution, especially when counseling and therapy do not quite manage to hit the mark.

Labial reduction surgery is a fairly simple procedure. However, due to the sensitive nature of the operation site, recovery time can take a few months. Patients will discuss the desired size and shape of their labia with the surgeon, who will take the time to accurately mark off the amount of tissue that needs to be removed. Depending on the size of the treatment area, general or local anesthesia will be administered. The unwanted tissue will be carefully removed and the wound sutured with 2 to 3 layers of surgical stitches.

Two methods of tissue removal are possible with this type of surgery. The “trim” method is most common, and simply involves the careful trimming away of excess tissue until the labia minora are level with the labia majora. This method also assists with pigmentation complaints, as it involves the removal of darker tissue until the pink, more desirable tissue is exposed. The slightly less common “wedge” method involves trimming a v-shape of unwanted tissue and then suturing the two edges together to form a straight line. With this method there is minimal scarring.

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